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EALing 2006 - Program


(under construction; when ready, this page will list all courses and lectures, with a description of their content, and a time schedule).

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L'aquarium: the ENS Main Lobby

Lecturers


Artemis Alexiadou University of Stuttgart
Anne-Catherine Bachoud-Levi Hôpital Henri Mondor
Emmanuel Dupoux Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique (EHESS-CNRS-ENS)
Hilda Koopman UCLA
Brenda Laca University of Paris 8
Alec Marantz MIT/NYU
Jason Merchant University of Chicago
Philip Miller University of Lille
Léa Nash University of Paris 8
David Poeppel University of Maryland
Luigi Rizzi Universita di Siena
Peter Svenonius Center for Advanced Study in Theoretical Linguistics, University of Tromsö




Schedule


The schedule can be found HERE

Courses and Conferences: List et Descriptions


Lecturer: Artemis Alexiadou
Course Title: (Anti-)causative alternations
Course Description: The cross-linguistic study of the causative-anticausative alternation provides us with at least two important empirical observations:
I) While the core of verbs that undergo the causative alternation is stable across languages, there is also interesting variation. For instance, anti-causativization seems to be a restricted process in languages like English, while others, e.g. Greek and Hindi freely form anticausatives. Moreover, the reverse pattern is also found, e.g. causatives of verbs of appearance are possible in Japanese but not in English.
II) Languages show substantial variation in the morphological marking of the alternation (see Haspelmath 1993): in many languages the anticausative and not the causative variant of the alternation is marked by special morphology, other languages mark the causative variant of the alternation and there are also languages with non-directed alternations. In this course, we will deal with the above issues by adopting a non-derivational approach to the alternation. According to this, change of state verbs are generally decomposed into at least three layers of structure, a Voice, an eventive v component and a Root-phrase. We will first provide evidence for this decomposition. We will then address the question to what extent systematic patterns can be found across languages, how they correlate with the specific syntactic structures available for the alternation, how they are derived and what the relevant parametric options are that lead to the diverse empirical picture found..
Prerequisites: Basic knowledge in syntax (an introduction to syntax course)

Lecturer: Brenda Laca
Course Title: The semantics of aspect.
Course Description: The conceptual necessity of distinguishing among temporal location, aspect and the Aktionsart of eventuality descriptions expressed by a verb and its arguments is nowadays generally accepted. It goes hand in hand with the idea of a compositional order, in which aspect first operates on eventuality descriptions with a given temporal profile and the resulting configurations are then directly or indirectly temporally located with respect to Utterance Time. This compositional order can be syntactically implemented in different fashions, which nonetheless share the general configuration given in (1):
(1) [Temporal Location [Aspect [Eventuality Description]]]
The intermediate position occupied by Aspect in this configuration correlates with a dual possibility for conceptualizing the category. Approaches emphasizing the impact of aspect on eventuality descriptions have given rise to a family of theories according to which aspect modifies or otherwise determines the temporal structure of an eventuality. Approaches emphasizing what aspect and temporal location have in common give rise to theories in which aspect is modeled as a secondary, non-deictic temporal relation. The first conception has been dominant in the formal semantics tradition, as well as in some syntactic approaches. The second conception does not actually deny the existence of aspect qua eventuality modification, but pleads for a distinction between this range of phenomena and aspect in a narrow sense, which is conceptualized as a relation between an eventuality (or rather, its temporal trace) and a distinguished "interval of visibility" . This course will be devoted to discussing the formal implementations of these alternative approaches, mainly on the basis of material from the Romance languages and from English.
Prerequisites: some knowledge of semantic theory
Readings:
Alexiadou, A. & al. (eds) (2003), Perfect explorations. Berlin : Mouton/de Gruyter.
Demirdache, H.& M.Uribe-Etxebarria (2005a). The Syntax of Time Arguments, in Lingua, Special Issue on Tense
Dowty, D. (1979) Word meaning and Montague grammar. Dordrecht. Kluwer. Chap. 2 & 3.
Guéron, J. & Lecarme, J. (eds) (2004) The Syntax of Time, MIT Press. Chap. 5, 9, & 12-15.
Klein, W. (1995) A Time-Relational Analysis of Russian Aspect, Language 71:4, 669-695.
Kamp, H. & Reyle, U. (1993) From Discourse to Logic. Dordrecht. Kluwer. §5.1.3, §5.3
Laca, B. (ed) (2002), Temps et aspect. De la morphologie à l'interprétation. St Denis : Presses Universitaires de Vincennes.
Landman, F. (1991), Structures for semantics. Dordrecht : Kluwer. Chap. 3-5.
Landman, F. (1992), The progressive, Natural Language Semantics 1. 1-32.
Rothstein, S. (2004) Structuring Events, Oxford. Blackwell.
Smith, C. S. (1991) The parameter of aspect. Dordrecht. Kluwer.
de Swart, H. (1998) Aspect shift and coercion. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 16. 347-385.

Lecturer: Alec Marantz
Course Title: Morphology and Grammatical Architecture
Course Description: The class will explore the relationship between the theory of Morphology, as developed in Distributed Morphology, and the architecture of grammar, as developed within the Minimalist Program. The first meeting will discuss the basic assumptions of Distributed Morphology (DM). In the second, Blocking will be examined, with the goal of demonstrating that competition in grammatical derivations is limited to the competition between Vocabulary Items for insertion, at the phonological interface, into the terminal nodes from the syntax. The third class will connect the locality domains for morphosemantic and morphophonological interactions to the phases of the Minimalist Program. Finally, the last class will discuss argument structure/morphology interactions, as revealed through an analysis of re- prefixation and stative passives in English.
Prerequisites: The class is pitched at the level of a second year graduate student in the US, although any student having taken a general linguistics course plus a semester of generative syntax should be able to follow what's going on.
References:
Halle, Morris and Alec Marantz 1993. "Distributed Morphology and the pieces of inflection," in K.Hale and J. Keyser, eds. The View from Building 20. pp. 111-176. MIT Press: Cambridge, MA.
Embick, David and Alec Marantz 2006. "Architecture and Blocking ." UPenn & MIT ms.
Marantz, Alec 2000. "Words." WCCFL presentation, Los Angeles.
Marantz, Alec 2005. "Rederived Generalizations." Taipei Handout.
These are available for download from: Ealing

Lecturer: Jason Merchant
Course Title: Syntactic abstractness in ellipsis: sluicing, wh-movement, islands
Course Description: This course explores the empirical motivations for positing abstract, unpronounced syntax through a close examination of elliptical structures in a variety of languages. I begin by reviewing the nature of the identity condition that holds between an elided phrase and its antecedent, arguing that at least part of this condition must be stated over articulated syntactic structures, based on recently discovered differences between VP-ellipsis and sluicing. Sluicing then forms the basis for a detailed look at the nature of wh-movement and islands, where the latter are argued to be PF-phenomena. Differential island sensitivity in VP-ellipsis, sluicing, and fragment answers is examined, and a typology of the range of 'island repair' effects is developed. Finally, the results of these investigations are applied to a series of puzzles from the domain of ellipsis in comparatives, including attributive comparatives, pseudogapping, and phrasal comparatives.
Prerequisites: a general knowledge of syntactic theory.
References: Full references will be on the handouts, but for anyone eager to get a head start, these papers and handouts will provide a good rough guide to the daily content.
Day 1: Rethinking syntactic identity conditions in ellipsis. 2005. Ms., U Chicago. berkeley.ellipsis
Day 2: Sluicing. 2006. In M. Everaert and H. van Riemsdijk (eds.), The Syntax Companion, 269-289. Blackwell: London. SynCom.sluicing
Ch. 5 ("Deletio redux") of The syntax of silence, Oxford U Press, 2001.
Day 3: Variable island repair under ellipsis. To appear. In Kyle Johnson (ed.), Topics in ellipsis, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. variable.island.repair
Fragments and ellipsis. 2004. Linguistics and Philosophy 27.6:661-738. fragments
Day 4: Phrasal and clausal comparatives in Greek and the abstractness of syntax. 2006. Ms., U Chicago. gk.comps.pdf

Lecturer: Philip Miller
Course Title: Perception verbs: a case study in lexical semantics and complementation
Course Description: These lectures will discuss the way the lexical semantics of perception verbs (see, look, hear, listen, feel,..; voir, regarder, entendre, écouter, sentir,..) interacts with their complementation properties. Specifically, the semantic types of the complements (concrete entity, event, fact, proposition, ...) will be examined, in correlation with the different types of meanings that perception verbs can take (strict perception, understanding, opinion, appearance, ...) and with the syntactic categories of the complements (NP, NP VP, CP, small clause). Among others, the following topics will be addressed: (i) the raising versus control status of perception verbs, (ii) individual level predicates in perception verb complements, (iii) negative complements. Data will be taken mainly from English and French.
Prerequisites: The lectures will be accessible to students having a basic knowledge of formal syntax and semantics.
References:
Felser, Claudia. 1999. Verbal Complement Clauses. A Minimalist Study of Direct Perception Constructions. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Ginzburg, Jonathan and Ivan Sag. 2000. Interrogative Investigations: The Form, Meaning, and Use of English Interrogatives.
Stanford: CSLI.
Labelle, Marie. 1996. Remarques sur les verbes de perception et la sous-catégorisation. Recherches linguistiques de Vincennes, 83-106.
Miller, Philip et Brian Lowrey. 2003. La complémentation des verbes de perception en anglais et en français. In Philip Miller et Anne Zribi-Hertz (éds), Essais sur la grammaire comparée du français et de l'anglais, 131-188, Paris: Presses Universitaires de Vincennes: Miller&Lowrey2003
Miller, Philip H. 2003. Negative Complements in Direct Perception Reports. To appear in Proceedings of CLS 2003: CLS_39_Miller_2_7
Miller, Philip H. 2003. La complémentation directe et indirecte des verbes de perception en anglais. In Pauchard, Jean (s.l.d), Les prépositions dans la rection verbale (domaine anglais), 115-135. Presses Universitaires de Reims: Reimsarticle32
Miller, Philip H. (à paraître) Prédication et évidentialité : de l'emploi copule des verbes de perception. A paraître dans Faits de langue: FDL_Pred_Philip_Miller_RTF

Lecturer: Léa Nash
Course Title: Structuring VP : Agents, Causes, Goals.
Description: Recent work in syntactic theory has replaced a traditional Projectionist view of VP according to which the projection of arguments is conditioned by the thematic properties of verbal predicates and their structural organisation depends on an universal priciple of theta assignment hierarchy with a Constructionist approach. This novel line of research puts forward a hypothesis that verb meanings are built in the syntactic component of the grammar by means of event templates that contain the verbal root and functional predicates such as little v, Voice, Applicative, Cause, Become. The course aims to investigate some central issues concerning the structure of VP. How are Dative arguments encoded? Are causers and agents treated alike in transitive templates?. What is the role of Voice head, Cause head, and APPLICATIVE head in licensing these arguments? What is the interaction, if any, between the lower Root layer and upper functional layers in verbal templates ? In order to fully understand the phenomena at hand a special attention will be paid to ergative languages in which the agent of transitive clauses bears a special ergative case.
Prerequisites: An Introduction to Syntax (graduate level)

Lecturer: David Poeppel
Course Title: Cognitive Neuroscience of Language
Course Description: The lectures will cover the nature of the techniques used to investigate the neural basis of language processing and discuss how these approaches can (and cannot) be used to learn something about language. The focus will be, principally, on deficit-lesion correlation (neuropsychology), magnetoencephalography (MEG), and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Examples will be drawn from speech perception (lecture 2), lexical access and representation (lecture 3), and sentence comprehension (lecture 4).
Prerequisites: No specific background required.
References: Further Information will be made available at: Teaching

Lecturer: Peter Svenonius
Course Title: The Anatomy of the Category P
Course Description: This is a cross-linguistic investigation into locative and directional expressions, with a focus on their relationship to adpositions (prepositions and postpositions, the category P). "Local" case systems like those of Finnish and Hungarian will be examined, as will languages which make extensive use of relational nouns to express locative concepts. The aim of the course will be to develop some sense of the range and limits of cross-linguistic variation in this domain, with an eye toward characterizing the nature of universals, whether they are syntactically autonomous or cognitively grounded.
Prerequisites: A basic background in descriptive linguistics would be useful. No theoretical background will be presupposed.
References: For now there is some background material Here
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